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Anne Lawrence: publications

Selected publications by American “autogynephilia” activist Anne Lawrence.


Lawrence, Anne (2013). Men Trapped in Men’s Bodies: Narratives of Autogynephilic Transsexualism (Focus on Sexuality Research). Springer ISBN 9781461451822

Journal articles

Lawrence AA (2003). Factors associated with satisfaction or regret following male-to-female sex reassignment surgery. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32, 299-315.

In 232 male-to-female transsexuals operated on between 1994 and 2000 by one surgeon using a consistent technique, […] all of whom were at least 1 year postoperative, […] participants reported overwhelmingly that they were happy with their SRS results and that SRS had greatly improved the quality of their lives. None reported outright regret and only a few expressed even occasional regret. Dissatisfaction was most strongly associated with unsatisfactory physical and functional results of surgery.

Lawrence AA (2004). Autogynephilia: A Paraphilic Model of Gender Identity Disorder. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy 8 (1/2): 69–87.

Lawrence AA, Latty EM, Chivers M, Bailey JM (2005). Measurement of sexual arousal in postoperative male-to-female transsexuals using vaginal photoplethysmography. Archives of Sexual Behavior 2005 Apr;34(2):135-45.

Lawrence AA (2006). Clinical and Theoretical Parallels Between Desire for Limb Amputation and Gender Identity Disorder. Archives of Sexual Behavior 35 (3): 263–278. Draft:

Lawrence AA (2007). Becoming What We Love: Autogynephilic Transsexualism Conceptualized as an Expression of Romantic Love. Perspect. Biol. Med. 50 (4): 506–20.

Lawrence AA (2008). Shame and narcissistic rage in autogynephilic transsexualism. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37, 457-461.

Lawrence AA (2009). Transgenderism in nonhomosexual males as a paraphilic phenomenon: Implications for case conceptualization and treatment. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 24, 188-206.

Lawrence AA (2009). Erotic Target Location Errors: An Underappreciated Paraphilic Dimension. Journal of Sex Research 46 (2–3): 194–215.

Lawrence AA (2010). Societal individualism predicts prevalence of nonhomosexual orientation in male-to-female transsexualism. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 573-583.

Lawrence AA (2011). Autogynephilia: An Underappreciated Paraphilia. Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine 31: 135–148.

Lawrence AA (2014). Gender assignment dysphoria in the DSM-5. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 43, 1263-1266.

Lawrence AA (2017). Autogynephilia and the Typology of Male-to-Female Transsexualism: Concepts and Controversies. European Psychologist 22 (1): 39–54.

Other selected writings

Lawrence AA. (1999) Change of sexual orientation in transsexuals. Arch Sex Behav 28(6): 581-583. [Reply to Daskalos CT (1998). Changes in the sexual orientation of six heterosexual male-to-female transsexuals Arch Sex Behav. 1998 Dec;27(6):605-14. doi: 10.1023/a:1018725201811.]

Although the self-reports by Daskalos’s informants reveal some changes in sexual fantasies and sexual behavior, there is no evidence of a true change in sexual orientation, at least as that term is commonly used. It could be some time before rigorous studies of sexual arousal patterns in male-to-female transsexuals can clarify whether changes in sexual orientation after gender transition actually occur, but in the meantime, papers such as that by Daskalos only serve to cloud understanding of this complicated issue.

Meyer W, Bockting WO, Cohen-Kettenis P, Coleman Eli, di Ceglie D, Devor H, Gooren L, Hage J, Kirk S, Kuiper B, Laub D, Lawrence AA, Menard Y, Patton J, Schaefer L, Webb A, Wheeler CC (2002). The Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association’s Standards of Care for Gender Identity Disorders, Sixth Version. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality. 13 (1): 1–30.

Gender Chat #28: Autogynephilia [archive] (by Barbara Anderson, Ph.D., LCSW) [archive]


Anne Lawrence (

  • Publications [archive]
  • CV [archive]
  • Practice information [archive]
  • A New Introduction to Autogynephilia [archive]