Transgender legal resources

Disclaimer: This is legal talk, not legal advice. Laws vary by state, and some of the information discussed on this page may not be applicable in your case. It is up to you to confirm any information herein by doing your own research.

In addition to the topics covered on this site:

You may find additional helpful information at the following national resources:

Transgender Law and Policy ( has up-to-date listings of all laws in the U.S. that are transgender-inclusive. In addition, it has resources and information on legal issues affecting transgender and gender variant people in the U.S. Overview and regular updates on jurisdictions with trans-inclusive non-discrimination laws. Intended for activists, policymakers, and academics.

National Center for Lesbian Rights ( has excellent information compiled by lawyer Shannon Minter.

Transgender Legal Defense & Education Fund ( is committed to ending discrimination based upon gender identity and expression and to achieving equality for transgender people through public education, test-case litigation, direct legal services, community organizing and public policy efforts.

State/regional resources

Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders ( New England's leading legal rights organization dedicated to ending discrimination based on sexual orientation, HIV status and gender identity and expression. [New England]

Sylvia Rivera Law Project ( works to guarantee that all people are free to self-determine gender identity and expression, regardless of income or race, and without facing harassment, discrimination or violence. [New York]

Transgender Law Center ( works with community members and allies to make California a state in which we can all fully and freely express our gender identities. [California]

Phyllis Randoph Frye ( has been a longtime figure in transgender law. See ad below. [Texas]

frye associates



Resources outside the US

Deakin Law Review ( published a thematic issue on transsexualism [Australia]

Press for Change ( has a section on legal matters [UK]

Employment law

Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation Discrimination in the Workplace: A Practical Guide

This comprehensive book designed for legal professionals includes a comprehensive review of federal, state, and local laws and regulations, 15 chapters on human resource practices, and 19 essays on the intersections of gender and sexual orientation with culture, education, medicine, politics, religion, and the workplace. 


Federal law status for sex discrimination and gender variance ( Harvard Journal of Law and Gender 2005. (PDF)

An Interdisciplinary and Cross-Cultural Analysis of Binary Sex Categories, in TRANSGENDER RIGHTS: HISTORY, POLITICS, AND LAW (Paisley Currah & Shannon Minter, eds., Univ. of Minnesota Press, forthcoming 2005)  

Gender Nonconformity: A Comprehensive Theoretical Approach to Break Down the Maternal Wall and End Discrimination Against Gender Benders :Commentary on Keynote Speaker Joan Williams's "Beyond the Glass Ceiling," 26 T. JEFFERSON L. REV. 37 (2003)

Legal Aspects of Gender Assignment, 13 ENDOCRINOLOGIST 276 (2003)

Definitional Dilemmas: Male or Female? Black or White? The Law's Failure to Recognize Intersexuals and Multiracials (ch. 5), in GENDER NONCONFORMITY, RACE, AND SEXUALITY: CHARTING THE CONNECTIONS 102 (Toni Lester, ed., Madison: Wisconsin Univ. Press, 2002)  

Deconstructing Binary Race and Sex Categories: A Comparison of the Multiracial and transgender Experience, 39 SAN DIEGO L. REV. 919 (2002)

When Is a Man a Man and When Is a Woman a Woman?, 52 FLA. L. REV. 745 (2000)