Neurodiversity and gender diversity

In 2003, I began writing about the purported correlation between the autism spectrum and our community. Since that time, more research has been published on the interesting issues raised by these intersecting traits.

I have collected some reader responses as well.


I began looking into this after autism researcher Simon Baron-Cohen suggested that autism is a sort of ultimate expression of a “male brain.”


Warrier V,  Greenberg DM, Weir E, Buckingham C, Smith P, Lai M-C, Allison C, Baron-Cohen S (2020). Elevated rates of autism, other neurodevelopmental and psychiatric diagnoses, and autistic traits in transgender and gender-diverse individuals. Nat Commun. 2020 Aug 7;11(1):3959.

van der Miesen AIR, Cohen-Kettenis PT, de Vries ALC (2018). Is There a Link Between Gender Dysphoria and Autism Spectrum Disorder? J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2018 Nov;57(11):884-885.

Stagg SD, Vincent J (2019). Autistic traits in individuals self-defining as transgender or nonbinary. Eur Psychiatry. 2019 Sep;61:17-22.

White, Bryony (November 15, 2016). The Link Between Autism and Trans Identity. The Atlantic

Lawson, Wenn (October 29, 2015). Interview on autism and gender dysphoria.

Powis, Sally (March 16, 2017). Gender dysphoria and autism: Challenges and support. National Autistic Society


Autism Speaks (

Autism Research Institute (

Asperger/Autism Network (