Historic gender surgeons

These surgeons offered transgender surgery but have since stopped. Kept for historical interest.



  • CF Chen (Taiwan – retired)
  • Annette Cholon (born 1966, retired 2006)
  • Choomchoke Janwimaluang (died 2015)
  • Patrick Wensley Clarkson (20 February 1911 – 28 December 1969)
  • Marvin Corman (born 1939)
  • Bruce Langdon Cunningham (med.umn.edu) (born February 1, 1949) retired


  • James Dalrymple (1931–2014)
  • Arlen D. Denny (born May 1, 1947, retired)
  • Charles Devine EVa Med School Norfolk – phalloplasty
  • Thomas M. Dewire Sr. retired 2016
  • Ira Martin Dushoff (5/15/1931 – 7/30/2013)







  • Viktor Kalnberz
  • James Woodfin “Woody” Kennedy (refinedlooks.com) (1960–2019)
  • John Gale Kenney (born 1950, retired)
  • Murray Kimmel (1930–2013)
  • Sheila Kirk – formerly with Transgender Surgical and Medical Center


  • Donald R. Laub, Sr. (born 1935, retired)
  • Donald Laub, Jr.
  • James A. Lehman, Jr. (retired 2016)
  • Ludwig Levy-Lenz (December 1, 1892 – October 30, 1966)
  • Hans Wolfgang Losken born 02/07/1940
  • Charles Leroy Lowman, M. D. (1879–April 17, 1977)


  • Ernest K. Manders – formerly with Transgender Surgical and Medical Center
  • D. Verne McConnell died July 22, 1996
  • Yvon Ménard – retired
  • Bahram Mir-djalali
  • Mona Motz (1941–2015)
  • Richard Mühsam (1872–1938)
  • Ian R. Munro (retired 1996)



  • Prakob Thongphiew (retired)





  • Karen B. Vaniver (1961–2018)


  • Peter Walker (retired 2014)
  • Stephen W. Weiland (retired) weilandgroup.com
  • David R. Wesser (1933–2008)
  • Grant Williams (retired) [Charing Cross]
  • Charles Wolf (died ~1965) some Swiss sources say 1964


  • Peter Alfred Zedler (born 1954) retired

See also

Surgeons in the United States






Historical overviews focusing on vaginoplasty

• LINK: A Brief History of Transsexuality by Madeline (undated)

• LINK: History of the procedure by Lynn Conway (2003) (note: graphic images)

• LINK: Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) of Transsexuals by Minhee Kim (1998)

• LINK: Transsexuals and Sex Reassignment Surgery by Suffolk (UK) Health Authority, May 1994

Types of vaginoplasty techniques

• LINK: Gender Reassignment Surgery by Over The Rainbow, Australia

• LINK: Female genital anatomy by Andrea James (2003)

• LINK: Potential vaginoplasty complications by Andrea James (2003)

• LINK: Skin Graft vs. Colon Transfer by Elaine Rose (2002)

• LINK: Laparoscopic rectosigmoid colpopoiesis: does it benefit our transsexual patients? by SM Maas et. al. (1999)

• LINK: Colon graft vaginoplasty (note: graphic images)

• LINK: Sigmoid Vaginoplasty: An AEGIS Medical Advisory Bulletin (1995)

• LINK: The Downside of SRS by Elaine Rose (2002)

Prioritizing and preparing for vaginoplasty

Vaginoplasty is only a small part of a complete transition if your goal is social acceptance as a woman. In the past there was a tendency to exaggerate its importance, while neglecting other physical and social aspects of transition.

• LINK: Customizing a transition timetable by Andrea James (2003)

• LINK: Reproductive options for trans women by Andrea James (2003)

• LINK: Orchiectomy prior to or instead of vaginoplasty by Andrea James (2003)

• LINK: Genital electrolysis prior to vaginoplasty by Andrea James (2003)

• LINK::Genital electrolysis with injected anesthetic by Kim (2003)

• LINK: My personal opinions by Andrea James (2003)

• LINK: My vaginoplasty timetable by Andrea James (1998)

• LINK: Vaginoplasty after a short “real-life experience” by Andrea James (1998)

• LINK: Insurance-Funded Genital Reassignment Surgery by Gianna E. Israel (2001)

Vaginoplasty surgeon lists and overviews

Note: No endorsements implied. Views expressed represent those of contributors and do not necessarily reflect the views of this site.

• LINK: Finding the right plastic surgeon by Over The Rainbow

• LINK: Indigo Pages has an extensive surgeon list. Myria may have updated or additional information on the surgeons listed below.

• LINK: European surgeon list by Kate Kira has the most up-to-date info on European surgeons, including dozens not listed elsewhere.

• LINK: Transgender in Thailand: Links by Andrew Matzner is a great overview of the Thai surgical resources.

• LINK: Lynn Conway has a selective list of vaginoplasty surgeons with commentary and photographs of results.

• LINK: Anne Lawrence has a partial list of vaginoplasty surgeons with commentary and photographs of results.

• LINK: Trasek.net has an annotated list of vaginoplasty surgeons.

• LINK: GenderCare has a partial list of vaginoplasty surgeons.

• LINK: Pamela Sexton has a complete list of vaginoplasty surgeons, with a focus on Europe.

• LINK: Susan’s Place Transgender Resources has a complete list of surgeons with reader ratings and comments.

Follow-up procedures

• LINK: Labiaplasty

• LINK: Corrective procedures following complications

Gynecologist visits and annual exams

• LINK: My first gynecological exam by Kathryn Alannah (2003)

• LINK: Vaginal Neoplasia in a Male-to-Female Transsexual by Anne Lawrence (2001)

• LINK: Preventing yeast infections by Marjorie Greenfield (2001)

• LINK: Preventing urinary tract infections by Lynn Cates (2001)