Janice Raymond and transsexualism

Janice G. Raymond (born 1949) is professor emerita of women's studies and medical ethics at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst. Raymond is also Co-Executive Director of the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women (CATW).

Raymond has been the recipient of grants from the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. National Institute of Justice, the Ford Foundation, the United States Information Agency, the National Science Foundation, the Norwegian Organization for Research and Development (NORAD), and UNESCO. [1]

Raymond is also known for The Transsexual Empire: The Making of the She-Male,[2] a 1979 book on transsexuality. It contends that male-to-female transsexuals are part of a plot by men to infiltrate the women's movement. Raymond maintains that transsexualism is based on the "patriarchal myths" of "male mothering," and "making of woman according to man's image." She claims this is done in order "to colonize feminist identification, culture, politics and sexuality," adding:

All transsexuals rape women's bodies by reducing the real female form to an artifact, appropriating this body for themselves .... Transsexuals merely cut off the most obvious means of invading women, so that they seem non-invasive.[2]


* Raymond J. The Transsexual Empire (1979 and 1994; reprinted by Teachers College, Columbia University, New York; Editions du Seuil, Paris)

* Raymond J. A Passion for Friends (1986: Beacon Press, Boston; the Women's Press, London; Frauenoffensive, Munich)

* Raymond J. RU 486: Misconceptions, Myths and Morals (1991: Spinifex Press, Melbourne; Konkret Literatur Verlag, Hamburg; Narigrantha Prabartan, Dhaka, Bangladesh)

* Raymond J. Women as Wombs: Reproductive Technologies and the Battle Over Women's Freedom (1993: HarperSanFrancisco; Spinifex Press, Melbourne; Frauenoffensive, Munich)

* Raymond J. Report to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women: Prostitution and Trafficking (1995: Coalition Against Trafficking in Women).

* The Sexual Liberals and the Attack on Feminism by Dorchen Leidholdt and Janice Raymond, published 1990 by Pergammon Press ISBN 0-08-037457-3


   1. ^ Biography of Janice Raymond via Coalition Against Trafficking in Women

   2. ^ Raymond J (1979) The Transsexual Empire: The Making of the She-Male.

External links

The Empire Strikes Back by Sandy Stone

Where did we go wrong? Feminism and trans theory: two teams on the same side by Stephen Whittle

Janice Raymond profile by Lynn Conway
http://ai.eecs.umich.edu/people/conway/TS/Rogue Theories/Raymond/Transsexual, Transgender, and Intersex History__Janice Raymond.htm